MIA: Subjects: Spanish Civil War:

The Spanish Revolution


From M.I.A. Encyclopedia:

Spanish Revolution [1931-1939]


The Prelude: the Second Spanish Republic until the start of the Civil War (1931-1936)

Leon Trotsky — Collected Writings on the Spanish Revolution (1931-1933)

The Revolution In Spain (1931)
The Spanish Revolution and the Dangers Threatening It (1931)
For Communist Unity in Spain (1931)
The Problems Of The Spanish Revolution From Day To Day (1931)
For the Spanish Revolution: The Ten Commandments of the Spanish Communists (1931)
The Character of the Revolution (The Spanish Revolution on the Order of the Day for the Left Opposition) (1931)
The National Question in Catalonia (1931)
Problems of the Spanish Revolution (1931)
On the Maurin Group in Catalonia and the Left Opposition (1931)
A Letter About the Spanish Revolution (1931)
Tactics Flowing from the Election Results (alternative translation) (1931)
The Role of Strikes in a Revolution (1931)
On The Slogan of Soviets – From a Letter to Andres Nin (1931)
Trotsky on Opposition and the Party in Spain (letter to Andres Nin) (1931)
The Spanish “Kornilovs” and “Stalinists”(1933)

Andrés Nin —Writings on Spanish Revolution in his archive (1931-1932)

The General Strike in Barcelona (1931)
Mistakes of Comrade Maurin (1931)
The Tasks of Spanish Communists (1931)
The Fascist Danger and the Need for a United Front of the Proletariat (1931)
The Conference of the Spanish Opposition (1932)
Bloc, Party or Organisation of Sympathisers? (1932)

Julián Gorkin

The Fall of Primo De Rivera and its Consequences (1930)
In Spain after the Fall of the Dictatorship (1930)

Hugo Oehler

Communism and Syndicalism in Spain (1931)
A Few Lessons of the Anarchist Uprisings in Spain (1932)

Max Shachtman —Writings on Spanish Revolution in his archive (1931-1932)

“Order Prevails Throughout Spain” (1931)
Republican Revolution in Spain (1931)
The Theory of Stalinism and the Revolution in Spain (1931)
In Spain – “The Democratic Republic of the Workers”(1932)
The Recent Outbreaks in Spain(1932)
In Spain – The Socialists and State Power(1932)
The Right Wing of Spanish Communism(1932)
Spain’s Bourgeoisie on the Offensive(1932)
The Spanish Communist Party in the Revolution (1932)

Karl Korsch—The Spanish Revolution (1931)

Nestor Makhno

Open Letter to Spanish Anarchists (1931)
On the History of the Spanish Revolution of 1931 (1931)

Newspapers/Journals
(excl. articles mentioned above)

The New International (1934-1935)

L. Fersen — On the Eve of the Spanish Uprising, Vol. I, No. 4, November 1934
X. — The First Letter from Spain, Vol. I, No. 4, November 1934
L. Fersen — The Defeat of the Spanish October, Vol. I, No. 5, December 1934
Juan Arenillos — The Socialists’ Errors in Spain, Vol. I, No. 5, December 1934
L. Fersen — The Political Situation in Spain, Vol. II, No. 2, March 1935

International News (Revolutionary Workers League)

Special documents on Spain, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1935


Spanish Civil War and Revolution

Participants and contemporaries

Leon Trotsky — Collected Writings on the Spanish Revolution (1936-1939)

The Tasks in Spain (1936)
The Lesson of Spain (1936)
The Lessons of Spain: The Last Warning (1937)
Tragedy of Spain (1939)
Spain, Stalin and Yezhov (1939)
Once again on the causes of the defeat in Spain (1939)

Dolores Ibárruri — Speeches and articles on Spanish Revolution in her archive (1936-1937)

Danger! To Arms! (1936)
Our Fighters Must Lack for Nothing! (1936)
Discipline, Calm, Vigilance! (1936)
Restrain the Hand of the Interventionists! (1936)
Fascism Shall Not Pass (1936)
Better Die Standing, Than Live Kneeling! (1936)
Women at the Front (1936)
Our Battle-Cry Has Been Heard by the Whole World! (1936)
Letter to Her Son (1936)
We Demand Retribution (1937)
We Are Too Humane to the Fascist Murderers, But There Is A Limit to Our Patience (1937)
Commissars! (1937)
Reply to the Enemies, Slanderers and Wavering Elements (1937)

Jose Diaz — On the Lessons of the Spanish People’s War (1940)

Andrés Nin —Writings on Spanish Revolution in his archive (1936-1937)

The Spanish proletariat before the advancing revolution (1936)
The Problem of Power (1937)
The May Days in Barcelona (1937)
The Political Situation and the Tasks of the Proletariat (1937)
Final Declaration to the Police (1937)

Grandizo Munis—Writings on Spanish Revolution in his archive (1937-1941)

The Bolshevik-Leninists of Spain Demand Your Aid in the Struggle for the Social Revolution (1937)
The Programme of the Spanish Bolshevik-Leninists (1937)
Spain One Year After Franco's Victory (1940)
Franco’s Dilemma (1941)

Jesús Hernández — How the NKVD framed the POUM (1953)

Albert Weisbord —Collection of his writings on Spanish Revolution (1936- )

The Spanish Revolution
The Spanish Revolution at the Crossroads
Long Live The Spanish Socialist Republic
The Underground Railway To Spain
Two Visits to Barcelona
Outcast Spain
The Huesca Front in Aragon
The Provocations of Bourgeois Democracy in Spain
Barricades in Barcelona
Perspectives of the Spanish Revolution
Collectivization in Catalonia
The Fight Within the Spanish Left
The P.O.U.M. in Spain
An Analysis of the Barcelona May Days
Unique Problems of the Spanish Revolution
Covering the Evacuation of the Refugees

Mary Low & Juan Breá — Red Spanish notebook (1937)

Mieczyslaw Bortenstein (M. Casanova)— Spain Betrayed: How the Popular Front Opened the Gates to Franco (1939)

Felix Morrow —Writings on Spanish Revolution in his archive (1936-1939)

How the Workers Can Win in Spain (1936)
The Civil War in Spain: Toward Socialism or Fascism? (1936)
Proposed Solutions to the Spanish Crisis (1937)
Spain’s Unions Join Pact Against Stalinist Repression (1937)
Spanish Anti-Fascist Movement Slandered by Church Hierarchy (1937)
Anglo-French Aid to Spanish Loyalists Is a Fraud and Deception (1937)
Britain Takes Steps to ‘Solve’ Spanish Crisis by Recognizing Franco (1937)
Revolution and Counter Revolution in Spain (1938)
Anarchism in Spain (book review) (1938)
The War in Spain (book review) (1938)
Barcelona and France’s Future (1939)
The GPU orders a Novel (book review) (1939)

Bertram D. Wolfe— Civil War in Spain (1937)

CLR James

Introduction to Mary Low and Juan Breá’s Red Spanish Notebook (1937)
The Leninist Policy For Spain (1937)

Ted Grant

Lessons of Spain (together with Ralph Lee, 1938)
The Spanish Revolution 1931-37 (1973)

Hugo Dewar

The GPU in Spain (1937)
Europe’s Little Russia, from Assassins at Large (1951)

Communist Party of Great Britain

Harry Pollitt, In Memory of the British Comrade Who Have Fallen in Spain (1937)
Harry Pollitt, International Unity Can Bring Peace to Spain and Europe (1937)
J. R. Campbell, For Joint Action on Behalf of the Spanish People (1937)
William Gallacher, Answer the Call of the Spanish People (1937)
T. H. Wintringham, Comrades of Jarama (1940)

Georges Soria — Trotskyism in the Service of Franco (1938)

Karl Korsch

Economics and Politics in Revolutionary Spain (1938)
Collectivization in Spain (1939)

Paul Mattick— The Barricades Must Be Torn Down. Moscow-Fascism in Spain (1937)

Willie Brandt— A Lecture at a session of the extended party leadership of the Socialist Workers’ Party of Germany (1937)

Mao Tse-tung— The People of China Express Solidarity with Spain (1937)

Newspapers/Journals
(excl. articles mentioned above)

Socialist Appeal (Chicago) (1936-1937)

B. M. F.— The Spanish Revolution: Bourgeois or Proletarian, Vol. II, No. 7, August 1936
B. M. F.— Revolution And Counter-Revolution In Spain, Vol. II, No. 8, September 1936
Ben Herman— Caballero At The Helm, Vol. II, No. 9, October 1936
Jack Weber— War and the Comintern, Vol. II, No. 10, November 1936
Max Stirling— A Letter from Spain,Vol. II, No. 10, November 1936
Glen Trimble— Spain and the Campaign,Vol. II, No. 10, November 1936
P.O.U.M. and the Spanish Revolution (Editorial), Vol. II, No. 11, December 1936
Felix Morrow— Arms for Spanish Workers, Vol. II, No. 11, December 1936
Draft Resolution on the Spanish Situation, Vol. III, No. 2, February 1937
Resolution Adopted on Defense of the POUM, Vol. III, No. 3, March 1937

Socialist Appeal (New York)

James Burnham— Spain and the Coming World War, Vol. I, No. 8,October 1937

The Fourth International (Revolutionary Workers League) (1936-1938)

Civil War in Spain, Vol. 2, No. 3, August 1936
Civil War in Spain, Vol. 2, No. 4, September 1936
The Civil War and the Imperialist Conflicts in Spain, Vol. 2, No. 8, January 1937
Spain: Three Bourgeois Armies, Vol. 2, No. 10, March 1937
Slogan of Seizing Power in Spain Today, Vol. 2, No. 11, April 1937
Special issue on Spain, Vol. 2, No. 12, June 1937
The Peoples Front Continues Its Offence Against the Proletariat,Vol. 3, No. 2, November 1937
Protest to the Negrin Gov’t, Leninist Group Scotland, Vol. 3, No. 2, November 1937
Collectivization in Spain, Vol. 3, No. 3, November 1937
Resolution on Spain – P. Eiffel Minority Position, Vol. 3, No. 3, November 1937
Loyalist Persecution of Spanish Revolutionaries, Vol. 3, No. 12, August 1938

The New International (1938-1943)

Anarchist Tactics in Spain (Discussion), Vol. IV, No. 3, March 1938
Bernard Wolfe — The Truth About Spain, Vol. IV, No. 6, June 1938
Styr-Nhair — The Betrayal in Spain, Vol. IV, No. 7, July 1938
Casanova — The Popular Front’s Flight from Spain, Vol. V, No. 4, April 1939
M. Wilson — Anarchism in Spain, Vol. VII, No. 4, May 1941
Miriam Gould — Lessons of the Spanish Commune, Vol. IX, No. 5, May 1943

The Fourth International (1943-1946)

Joseph Hansen — Roosevelt and Spain, Vol. IV, Nо. 2, February 1943
Spain: Monarchist and Republican Maneuvers, Resolution of the Spain Group in Mexico, Vol. IV, Nо. 10, October 1943
Facing the New Revolutionary Period in Spain, Vol. VI, Nо. 12, December 1945
Facing the New Revolutionary Period in Spain (II), Vol. VII, Nо. 1, January 1946
Facing the New Revolutionary Period in Spain (III), Vol. VII, Nо. 2, February 1946


Later writings

Pierre Frank— Summary of the Course on the Spanish Revolution (1956)

Pierre Broué —Collection of his writings on Spanish Revolution (1967-1988)

Trotsky and the Spanish Revolution (1967)
Rudolf Klement (1979)
The ‘May Days’ of 1937 in Barcelona (1988)
Walter Held (1988)

Chris Harman

The Spanish Civil War (1973)
Between War and Revolution (1981)

Ernest Mandel— Morrow on Spain (1974)

Martin Upham— A Note on British Trotskyists and Spain, from The History of British Trotskyism to 1949 (1980)

Andy Durgan —Collection of his writings on Spanish Revolution (1981-2008)

Revolutionary Anarchism in Spain – the CNT 1911–1937 (1981)
The rise and fall of Largo Caballero (1983)
The Spanish Trotskyists and the Foundation of the POUM (1992)
Bookwatch – Civil War and revolution in Spain (1995)
Freedom fighters or Comintern army? The International Brigades in Spain (1999)
Barcelona class war (2005)
Seventy years after the Spanish Civil War (interview) (2006)
Aid for Spain (2008)

John Saville— Valentine Cunningham and the Poetry of the Spanish Civil War (1981)

Tony Cliff— Trotsky and the Spanish Revolution, from Trotsky, Vol. 4, Ch. 11 (1991)

Murray Bookchin— To Remember Spain (1994)

John Newsinger— Orwell and the Spanish Revolution (1994)

Mitch Abidor— The Naftali Botwin Company (Jews in the Spanish Civil War)

Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion (Canada)

Ross Dowson, Review of The Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion (1972)
Manitoba Legislature, Honouring the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion (2008)

Newspapers/Journals

Revolutionary History

The hidden history of the Spanish Civil War, Vol. 1 No. 2, Summer 1988
The Spanish Civil War: The View from the Left, Vol. 4 Nos. 1 & 2, 1992

What Next?

Eva Eisenschitz— A German Communist in the Spanish Civil War (1986)

See also

History Archive for the Spanish Revolution

Spanish Revolution/Spanish Trotskyism Document Library